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Skin Care For Different Skin Tones


Your skin tone, color, and type are determined by your genetic makeup, as well as the amount of melanin in your skin. Having a different skin tone, whether it’s very light or very dark, is what makes everyone unique. 

It’s no secret that the skincare routine varies according to different skin types. What works for dry skin may not work for someone with oily skin. But what about skin tone? Is there different skincare for different skin tones?

In this article, we’ll highlight some distinctions of skin tone and whether different skin tones need different skincare products or not.

The Science Behind Different Skin Tones:

You might be wondering why different skin tones may need different skincare regimens. It all lies behind the science of melanin pigment. Every person possesses a certain amount of melanin pigment in their skin cells called melanocytes, which gives the skin its unique color. Melanin also shields your skin from the sun’s harmful ultraviolet rays.

There exist two subtypes of melanin: pheomelanin and eumelanin. The former gives your skin red or pink shades, while the latter makes your skin darker. Your skin will be lighter if you have more pheomelanin. Your skin will be darker if you have more eumelanin.

Eumelanin is more effective at preventing UV damage to the skin. You’ll be more protected from the sun if you have more melanin.

The Fitzpatrick Skin Phototype (FST) Scale:

Type I:

The Fitzpatrick Skin Phototype (FST) scale is an objective approach used to categorize skin tone based on the levels of melanin pigment. The scale divides skin tone into the following categories:

Type I:

Type I people have the lightest shade of skin, mainly milky white or pale skin complexions. When exposed to the sun, this type peels and burns but never tans.

Type II:

This skin tone is most common in Caucasians of European descent as a very light brown, white skin color. This type also burns when exposed to the sun but doesn’t tan easily.

Type III:

This skin type is most common in the Mediterranean, the Middle East, Asian, and Latine people. People with type III have a fair to beige tone with golden undertones.

Type IV:

People with this designation have the darkest skin tone having a brown or dark brown skin color. These people rarely burn upon sun exposure but tan rapidly. This skin tone is common in the Middle East, Asia, the Caribbean, Africa, and Latin countries.

Can Different Skin Tones Be Treated With Different Skincare Products?

There is no doubt that many skincare products are specifically made for different skin tones, for example, darker skin. But should skin tone be a top concern while opting for skincare products? We believe that your true skin tone deserves proper care no matter the skin tone or color.

Most manufacturers claim that they have specific products for different skin tones. For instance, they have been offering products for darker skin tones, while the main focus should be on treating the issue associated with the relative skin tone.

Skincare products should be used for a problem associated with the skin tone, not the skin tone itself. If you have darker skin with hyperpigmentation, you’ll opt for products that treat hyperpigmentation, not darker skin.

Type I:

Lighter Skin Is More Prone To Fine Lines And Wrinkles:

People with lighter skin tones have fewer melanin levels, which makes their skin more prone to UV damage (photoaging). It means that people with light skin will show aging signs more readily than those with darker skin. This leads to saggy skin with fine lines and wrinkles. Pale complexions are also linked with an increased likelihood of skin cancer.

Darker Skin Makes You More Susceptible To Hyperpigmentation:

Melanin pigment levels are higher in people with darker skin tones than in people with lighter skin tones. As we mentioned above, higher melanin levels provide more protection against sun exposure.

However, high melanin levels make you more susceptible to discoloration and hyperpigmentation. Besides higher melanin levels, certain factors, including the routine buildup of dead skin cells, sun damage, skin injury, and even acne, can cause hyperpigmentation.

Skincare Tips For Different Skin Tones:

Type I:

Now that we know about skin conditions associated with different skin tones, we can treat them (not the skin tone) with the following skincare tips:

For Lighter Skin Tone:

If you’re on the lighter side of skin tones, you should protect your skin against harmful UV rays. It is because fair skin is more likely to have early signs of aging, like wrinkles and fine lines.

If you spend significant time in the sun, you should use a broad-spectrum sunscreen of at least SPF-30 to SPF-50.

For Medium Skin Tone:

Medium skin tones mostly depict type III skin tone (olive or honey-colored skin tone). These skin tones always tan but burn less commonly. To remove dead skin cells, you should use niacinamide, glycolic acid, or vitamin C. People with medium skin tone have a more oily complexion, so you should opt for non-comedogenic products, such as acne control face mist, to achieve a gorgeously glowy visage.

For Darker Skin Tone:

People with darker skin tones have concerns about acne from hyperpigmentation. In dark-complected individuals, higher melanin levels become concentrated in certain areas, creating dark spots and discoloration.

Dermatologists recommend the use of azelaic acid, kojic acid, or retinoids, as well as skincare products with botanicals, to reduce the appearance of unwanted dark spots.

Apply sunscreen and rich moisturizing cream before going outdoors to minimize the likelihood of sun damage that worsens hyperpigmentation and potentially causes skin cancer.

General Care For Different Races:

Type I:

Here are some important tips that people of different races having different skin tones should look out for:

• Asians have more sensitive skin than other ethnicities. Make sure to pay more attention to ingredients so that your skin doesn’t show signs of irritation.

• Hispanic people have an increased risk of experiencing discoloration, dark patches, and melasma. Make sure to clean your skin with non-comedogenic moisturizing products.

• People with darker skin tones may not have apparent signs of skincare until it’s in the advanced stage. This is why these skin tones need to notice any skin changes.


Type I:

Having lighter or darker skin makes you more prone to wrinkles or fine lines and hyperpigmentation, respectively. But that doesn’t mean you’ll always develop these conditions. You should use skincare products that target these issues rather than just your skin tone. Everyone possesses a unique skin tone, and you deserve a skincare regimen tailored to your skin tone that can help you achieve radiant and healthy skin.

Remember, take a moment for self today!

Dr. Emmons

+ The Endulge Me Team

Doctor’s Lounge

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